Avina
Estrategia para el Bioma Amazónico

Context
Approximately 20% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide are caused by deforestation and changes in land use, according to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In Latin America, however, more than 60% of greenhouse gas emissions are the result of deforestation, with a significant proportion of these generated in the Amazonian region. Some studies indicate that the Amazonian Biome could enter into a process leading to collapse once it crosses the threshold of 20% deforestation of the ecosystem — a real possibility within fifteen to twenty years if the pace of destruction in the last decade continues. This process would reduce the forest’s ability to capture carbon from the atmosphere and would likely disrupt the rainfall patterns throughout the continent.

 

Opportunity identified by AVINA
and its allies

Contribute to the conservation of 80% of the biome so as to ensure the sustainability of the ecosystem and an appropriate quality of life for local populations.

 

Shared strategy for action
The strategy designed by AVINA and its allies focuses on strengthening forest monitoring and response systems, promoting a new economy compatible with a healthy ecosystem, and encouraging awareness and appreciation of the culture and knowledge of communities in the region. This strategy reinforces the role of local organizations and their vision for change, equipping them and promoting their leadership. We involve international allies who contribute to building the capacity of institutions within the watershed so they are better able to protect their heritage for the benefit of their countries and the planet.

 

International alliances
Our main international allies and fellow investors for this opportunity include:

 

Indigenous youth of the Karajá ethnic group in the Brazilian Amazon. AVINA’s Amazon strategy seeks to encourage a forest-compatible economy and to value the culture and knowledge of forest communities.

AVINA awarded USD 100,000 to the Yasuni-ITT Initiative, becoming the first nongovernmental organization to support this proposal, which seeks to prevent oil drilling in the Yasuni National Park in Ecuador, one of the most biodiverse areas in the world.

 

 

Some achievements of our allies in 2010

Brazil becomes the first developing country to set a concrete limit for CO2 emissions
During the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 16), held in Cancún in December 2010, Brazil signed a decree regulating its National Climate Change Policy, which commits the country to limiting its emissions of CO2 gas or equivalent to a maximum of 3,236 gigatons. Brazil had already announced its emissions reduction targets as a percentage (36.1% to 38.9% below projections for 2020) but had not set a limit in absolute terms. The biggest source of emissions in Brazil is the destruction of the Amazon forest. In coordination with the Climate and Land Use Alliance (CLUA) and Brazil’s Ministry of Environment, AVINA supported technically and financially the advising activities of Tasso Azevedo — an AVINA ally who served as consultant to the ministry and in that capacity played a key role in negotiations and development of this watershed achievement.

 

AVINA: First nongovernmental organization to support the Yasuni-ITT Initiative in Ecuador
AVINA made a grant of USD 100,000 to the Yasuni-ITT Initiative, a trust agreement between the government of Ecuador and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Thus, AVINA has become the first nongovernmental organization (NGO) to support this proposal, which seeks to prevent oil drilling in the Yasuni National Park, one of the most biodiverse areas of the Amazon basin and the world. The initiative is innovative in that it gives the same value in economic terms to both conservation and exploitation. The fund, managed by UNDP, aims to raise USD 3,5 billion to compensate the country for foregoing the exploitation of oil deposits that lie in the subsoil of the region.

 

Latin America’s Environmental Prosecutors Network produces a manual
in Peru

The “Manual for Investigating Environmental Crimes" is a new resource that was developed for fighting crimes against the environment and natural resources in Peru. Environmental prosecutors will use this tool to investigate and punish environmental crimes in the Peruvian Amazon and other key ecosystems, as well as to unify approaches to intervention and crime prevention. Use of the manual will be obligatory for prosecutors in Peru. This initiative is a result of the alliance between AVINA and the Public Ministry, as part of AVINA’s support of the Latin American Network of Environmental Prosecutors. The initiative was led by the prosecutor Raul de los Rios, coordinator of the Special Prosecutor on the Environment and member of the Latin American Network of Environmental Prosecutors.